Summer News You Can Use
- <6 months keep out of direct sunlight (use hats, clothing, shades)
- For babies older than 6 months.
Apply to all areas of the body, but be careful around the eyes. If your baby
rubs sunscreen into her eyes, wipe the eyes and hands clean with a damp cloth.
If the sunscreen irritates her skin, try a different brand or try a sunscreen
stick or sunscreen or sunblock with titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. If a rash
develops, talk with your child’s doctor.
- When possible, dress yourself and your kids in cool, comfortable clothing that
covers the body, like lightweight cotton pants, long-sleeved shirts, and hats.
- Limit your sun exposure between 10:00 am and 4:00 pm, when UV rays are strongest.
- Wear sunglasses with at least 99% UV protection (look for child-sized sunglasses
with UV protection for your child).
- Use a sunscreen that says “broad-spectrum” on the label - that means it will screen
out both UVB and UVA rays.
- Use a sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 15. The higher the
SPF, the more UVB protection the sunscreen has.
Shoo, fly, don't bother me! Summer is here and so are those pesky bugs. Help protect your family from insect bites with the following tips.
Don’t use scented soaps, perfumes or hair sprays on your child.
Avoid areas where insects nest or congregate, such as stagnant pools of water, uncovered foods and gardens where flowers are in bloom.
Avoid dressing your child in clothing with... bright colors or flowery prints.
To remove a visible stinger from skin, gently back it out by scraping it off horizontally with a credit card or your fingernail.
Combination sunscreen/insect repellent products should be avoided because sunscreen needs to be reapplied every two hours, but the insect repellent should not be reapplied.
Use insect repellents containing DEET when needed to prevent insect-related diseases. Ticks can transmit Lyme Disease, and mosquitoes can transmit West Nile Virus and other viruses.
The current AAP and CDC recommendation for children older than 2 months of age is to use 10% to 30% DEET. DEET should not be used on children younger than 2 months of age.
The effectiveness is similar for 10% to 30% DEET but the duration of effect varies. Ten percent DEET provides protection for about 2 hours, and 30% protects for about 5 hours. Choose the lowest concentration that will provide the required length of coverage.
The concentration of DEET varies significantly from product to product, so read the label of any product you purchase. Children should wash off repellents when they return indoors.
As an alternative to DEET, picaridin (which has low acute oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity) has become available in the U.S. in concentrations of 5% to 10%.
© American Academy of Pediatrics, June 2012